Definitions of Theocracy, Monarchy,
Dictatorship, Marxism, Socialism and Communism
by Laura Dawn Lewis
Monaco, a Monarchy
A government which claims to be immediately
directed by God, and divinely blessed. The
country tends to be intolerant either passively
or overtly to faiths other than that recognized
by the state. The country identifies itself and
its laws within religion and religious doctrine.
There is no legal separation between church and
state, and citizens of other faiths are often
excluded or hampered from participation or
expelled. Because a theocracy is exclusionary,
it can never be a democracy which requires
inclusion without exception of all equally. It
cannot be a republic because a republic requires
the separation of church and state and equal
rights to all.
Examples of theocratic countries include Israel
Monaco is an example of a Monarchy.
A government that has a single person who is
generally considered the ruler by the title and
birthright. Titles include: Czar, King, Queen,
Emperor, Caesar, etc... Power is absolute and is
either taken through conquest or passed down to
family members without regard for ability or
appropriateness. Society is formed around feudal
groups or tribes in which the ruling family
delegates power and authority based upon the
desires of a single individual. Power struggles
are common. A monarchy is based upon a class
system where those of a certain birthright are
perceived to be of superior intellect and
strength to those not of the same family line.
The resources and wealth of a country is
generally preserved solely for the hedonistic
and self-fulfilling desires of the reigning
monarch with little regard for the general
population or its welfare. The inhabitants of a
country under a monarch are alive to serve the
monarch. In contrast the inhabitants of a
republic are served by the their leaders.
Examples of Monarchy include Saudi Arabia,
Jordan and Monaco.
Generic term used to describe any government
controlled by a single individual and giving the
people little or no individual freedom.
Typically a person who rules by threat of force.
People who are loyal to a dictatorship swear
allegiance to the person first and the country
second. Fascism, Theocracies, Monarchies and
Communism can all be dictatorships. A Republic
cannot be a dictatorship. Examples of
Dictatorship include North Korea and Cuba.
The theory of government based on the ideals of
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in the book The
Communist Manifesto written in the 1800's.
Marxism advocates the "workers" (Proletariats
and petite-bourgeoisie) rise up and overthrow
businesses and government and take control
themselves. Marxism advocates a classless
society in which everything is shared and owned
by all. In its true form it follows the mandates
of a Direct Democracy in which the mob or
general population rules and allocates resources
based upon the will of the majority with equal
consideration given to all without exclusions or
privileges to any. Examples include the former
Limited government interference in business
activity, (as opposed to the above) but more
than in capitalism. Certain areas of an
individual's life are controlled and
representation tend to be parliamentary in
nature. In other words, people vote for a
particular party and the party elects the
leaders of the country. The notable difference
here is that there is MORE THAN one party.
Examples include most Western European
Severe government interference in economics, but
not absolute. Centralized planning by the
government, ONE PARTY rule, and stresses that
there should be only one class of people. This
differs from Socialism/Democracy which allows
for individual differences. Examples include the
former Soviet Union. China is currently heading
in this direction, through the softening of its
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